Article written in English
To simplify editing, avoid unnecessary typographic devices: no indentation when you begin a new paragraph; only set-off quotations (quotations that run to more than 3 lines) should be indented (one centimeter). Use only size 12 characters and only one typeface (preferably Times New Roman).
The number of notes in your paper should be limited and should not be used to document sources. List your sources at the end of your paper in a list of works cited. When quoting or otherwise acknowledging your sources in your paper, use only short parenthical references: when the author’s name is in text, give only the page reference in parentheses; if the context does not clearly identify the author, add the author’s last name before the page reference (Ray 124), but if the work from which you quote is listed under the editor’s name, indicate the editor’s name instead (qtd. in Harrison and Wood 188); if you cite more than one work by the same author in the course of your paper, add the (short) title before the page number (Eagleton, Criticism and Ideology 113).
Whenever you cite the title of a work published independently, it should be italicized (books, plays, long poems published as books, films, paintings…). The titles of works published within larger works (short poems, short stories, articles…) should be placed between quotation marks.
When quoting, use English quotation marks (“ ”). In English, punctuation marks that directly follow quotations go inside the quotation marks, but if a quotation ending a sentence requires a parenthical reference place the sentence period after the reference.
The omission of words from quotations should be indicated by three dots within square brackets: […]. When you omit the end of a sentence, the sentence period should be placed after the square brackets (see example n°2); for other types of alterations, see example n°1.
Example n°1, original text : “Mahitosh Sinha-Roy turned out to be a little different from his photograph. The photo had not done justice to his complexion. He was remarkably fair. His height seemed nearly the same as Feluda’s, and he had put on a little weight since the photo had been taken” (124).
- “Mahitosh Sinha-Roy turned out to be a little different from his photograph. […] His height seemed nearly the same as Feluda’s, and he had put on a little weight since the photo had been taken” (124).
- “Mahitosh Sinha-Roy turned out to be a little different from his photograph. […] His height seemed nearly the same as Feluda’s […]” (124).
- “Mahitosh Sinha-Roy turned out to be a little different from his photograph. The photo had not done justice to his complexion. […] [A]nd he had put on a little weight since the photo had been taken” (124).
Example n°2, original text: “It may be that writing was in my blood, but I didn’t know it until four years ago when I first started to write. My grandfather and father were both writers” (124).
- “It may be that writing was in my blood […]. My grandfather and father were both writers” (124).
Quotations that run to more than three lines should be set off from the text. When a quotation is set off from the text, do not use opening and closing quotation marks; page number and parenthical reference follow the punctuation mark ending the quotation.
If the quotation you make is taken from an indirect source, put the abbreviation “qtd. in” before the indirect source you cite in your parenthical reference.
If you cite classic verse plays and poems, omit page numbers and cite by division (act, scene, canto, stanza) and line: for example, Revelations 21.1-4 refers to chapter 21, verses 1 to 4. For citations of acts and scenes in plays, use roman numerals: for examplei, As You Like Iti II.vii. 20-28 refers to act 2, scene 7, lines 20 to 28. If you cite part of a multivolume work, give the volume number as well as the page reference (separate the two by a colon: “2: 183” means volume 2, page 183).
Notes should be presented as footnotes (not endnotes) and numbered consecutively. When following a quotation, a note number should be placed after punctuation and quotation marks.
The use of notes should be limited. References should be placed in the body of the text between parentheses (Ray 124). If you mention the name of the author at the beginning of the citation, you do not have to indicate the name of the author between the parentheses. If the work cited is listed in the bibliography under the name of the editor, and not the name of the author, indicate the editor's name. The title of the work is not mentioned unless there are several works by the same author..
List of Works Cited:
Please make sure that your list of Works Cited is complete and that you have given all the relevant publication facts. All the works that you refer to in your paper, even if you only cite the title of a work, should appear in your list of works cited.
Always indicate the date of your edition after the name of the publisher. If it is not the original date of publication of the work, indicate the original year of publication directly after the title (see for examples the entries for Berger and for Eagleton).
A film entry usually begins either with the director’s name or the title, and includes the distributor and the year of release. You may of course add other data that seem relevant. If you cite the title in English, give the original between square brackets.
When you cite a work of art, don’t forget to name the institution that houses the work and the city. If you refer to a photograph of a work of art, also indicate the complete publication information for the source in which the photograph appears.
In an entry for a short work (article, essay, poem, short story…) published within a longer work, always give the inclusive page numbers at the end of your entry.
If you cite an online source, don’t forget to give the complete network address.
- A film:
ARAU, Alfonso, dir. Like Water for Chocolate [Como agua para chocolate ]. Screenplay by Laura Esquivel. Miramax, 1993.
- An essay in a collection (note the place of the editor’s name; put a period after the date which precedes the inclusive page numbers):
BERGER, John. “Painting and Time.” 1979. The Sense of Sight. 1985. Ed. Lloyd Spencer. New York : Vintage International, 1993. 205-211.
- A painting:
CONSTABLE, John. Stonehenge . Watercolour. 1836. Victoria and Albert Museum , London . Constable By John Walker. Paris : Editions Cercle d’Art, 1979.
- Two works by the same author:
EAGLETON, Terry. Criticism and Ideology. 1975. London : Verso, 1998.
_______ The Ideology of the Aesthetic. 1990. Oxford : Blackwell, 1995.
- A work listed under the editor’s name :
HARRISON, Charles, and Paul WOOD, eds. Art in Theory, 1900-1990: An Anthology of Changing Ideas Oxford : Blackwell, 1992.
- A short story (note the place of the translator’s name):
RAY, Satyajit. “The Royal Bengal Mystery.” 1974. The Royal Bengal Mystery and Other Feluda Stories Trans. from the Bengali by Gopa Majumdar. New Delhi : Penguin Books India , 1997. 113-196.
- A work in periodical (besides the title, publication information requires the volume and/or issue number, the day/month/season year of publication between parentheses, the inclusive page numbers preceded by a colon):
RICŒUR, Paul. “Paul Ricœur, un parcours philosophique.” Interview with François EWALD. Magazine littéraire 390 (sept. 2000): 20-26.
- An electronic source:
WILLIAMS, Jeffrey. “The Last Generalist : An Interview with Richard Powers.” CulturalLogic2.2 (Spring 1999). http://eserver.org/clogic/2-2/williams.html
For more detailed specifications, please refer to the MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers on which this summary is based.
The editors and copy editor of Interfaces will be most grateful if you follow these general indications, as it will save the copy editor a lot of time.
List of Illustrations should follow Bibliography.
List of paintings cited should follow next.
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