BARBARA

St. Barbara, German, stained glass, 14th century (Erfurt exhibition) © Raguin/MMK

St. Barbara, Hessett, Church of St. Ethelbert, 15th century wall painting

St. Barbara, chancel screen, Church of St. Helen, Ranworth (Norfolk), 15th century. © Raguin/MMK. Barbara wears a crown, a heavenly reward of her faith and carrying the palm that is the symbol of martyrdom. She holds a miniature tower, the image of the tower where she was imprisoned by her father in a vain attempt to keep her from learning the Christian faith. Barbara was revered as a protector from unexpected death, that is, death without the comfort of the Eucharist and the sacrament of Extreme Unction.

St. Barbara, stained glass, Jacques Coeur window, Bourges Cathedral, France, 1450 © Raguin/MMK

St. Barbara Legend, Semur-en-Auxois, France, 1500-1525. Full window: donor couple, eight scenes, angels welcoming Barbara's soul in tracery. © Raguin/MMK

St. Barbara Legend, Semur-en-Auxois, France, 1500-1525. detail, eight scenes © Raguin/MMK

St. Barbara Legend, Semur-en-Auxois, France, 1500-1525. Donor couple, Isabeau de Chantepoint and Alexandre Baulet? © Raguin/MMK

St. Barbara Legend, Semur-en-Auxois, France, 1500-1525. Barbara's father building tower © Raguin/MMK

St. Barbara Legend, Semur-en-Auxois, France, 1500-1525. Barbara refusing to worship idols © Raguin/MMK

St. Barbara Legend, Semur-en-Auxois, France, 1500-1525. Barbara brought before tribunal © Raguin/MMK

St. Barbara Legend, Semur-en-Auxois, France, 1500-1525. Barbara attacking idols © Raguin/MMK

St. Barbara Legend, Semur-en-Auxois, France, 1500-1525. Barbara stripped and whipped © Raguin/MMK

St. Barbara Legend, Semur-en-Auxois, France, 1500-1525. Barbara tortured with rakes © Raguin/MMK

St. Barbara Legend, Semur-en-Auxois, France, 1500-1525. Barbara beheaded (panel 19th century) © Raguin/MMK
 

BISHOP

Consecration of a Bishop of St. Denis, east window, St. Denys Walmgate, York, 1420 © Raguin/MMK.
 

BOWET (HENRY)

Henry Bowet, Archbishop of York from 1407-1423, depicted in window northwest choir aisle, York Minster, c. 1420-1435. © Raguin/MMK Henry Bowet's episcopate lasted for 17 years, during which he supported the construction of probably 17 of the Minster's windows, including the largest in the choir, the St. William and the St. Cuthbert windows.