St. Catherine, westernmost window of north nave aisle, York Minster, 1307-1312, detail of torture with wheels © Raguin/MMK Royal arms are in the border of this window and figures wearing the fleur-de-lis of France and the lions of England flank the saint's torture.  The window is unusual for its imagery of the royalty and peerage of Europe. Italics inicates heraldic shield.