Bishops_2.jpg The bishop's throne reflected the prestige of his position. When hearing appeals and dispensing judgment, he sat in an episcopal throne, in full regalia, miter on head and crosier (a staff derived from a shepherd's crook signify his authority over his flock) in his right hand.  His slippered feet rested on a pillow.  A towering Gothic throne with hanging curtain at the top framed his body.  Even when unoccupied, the Bishop's throne was important. In the fifteenth century John Capgrave also lists that plenary indulgences can be won by approaching the bishop's seat/throne at St. John Lateran "for worship, prayer, or pilgrimage." (Viollet-le-Duc, Mobilier 1:286) 

Capgrave, John, Ye Solace of Pilgrimes: A Description of Rome circa A.D. 1450 by John Capgrave, an Austin Friar of King's Lynn, ed. C. A. Milles, London: Oxford University Press, 1911, 71-76.

See bishop's throne in the cathedral of Exter (Devon), executed 1312.  

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