tomb. Wealthy benefactors, like bishops, were given the privilege of erecting
a tomb within a church that also contained an area for a private Mass.
This was founded with a benefice that supported the living of a priest whose
obligation it was to say daily Mass at the tomb for the soul of the deceased.
These structures had the appearance of small houses, usually with elaborate
screens in wood or stone. Chantry tombs became current during the later
Middle Ages, the time of Margery Kempe. Before their suppression under
Henry VIII, they were estimated to number over 2,000 in England. (Winchester
Cathedral, Cardinal Beaufort's Chantry Chapel.)
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