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****
THE PERSECUTION
OF
ROMAN CATHOLICS
IN
THE THIRD REICH
****

 
 

                                      *****
                                       In Memory of
                         THE JESUIT VICTIMS OF NAZISM
                               *****

Adolph, Walter, Im Schatten des Galgens (Morus, 1953)

------------  Erich Klausener (Morus-Verlag, 1955)

Alvarez, David, and Graham, Robert A., Nothing Sacred (Frank Cass,
1997)

Alzin, Josse, Martyrologe 40-45 (Editions Fasbender, 1947)

Anonymous, "Varia: Germany" [Aloysius Kolacek], Woodstock Letters, 74 (1945), 360-362

Acquaviva, Giorgio, Rupert Mayer (La Civilta Cattolica, 1987)

Baars, Conrad W., Doctor of the Heart / Conrad W. Baars (Alba House, 1996)

Balling, Adalbert L., and Abeln, Reinhard, Martyr of Brotherly Love
            (Crossroad, 1992)

Bandion, Wolfgang J., Johann Gruber (WUV, 1995)

Beales, Arthur C. F., The Pope and the Jews (Sword of the Spirit, 1945)

Benz, Wolfgang, and Pehle, Walter H. (editors), Encyclopedia of German Resistance to the Nazi Movement (trans., Lance W. Garmer; Continuum, 1997)

Berenbaum, Michael (ed.), A Mosaic of Victims (NYU Press, 1990)

Beschet, Paul, Mission en Thuringe au Temps du Nazism (Editions Ouvieres, 1989)

Bientinesi, Lorenzo, Un Prete alla Macchia (Lavoro, 1995)

Brecher, August, Fritz Keller, 1891-1943 (Pf. St. Sebastianus, 1986)

Chélini, Jean, LíÉglise sous Pie X11(Artheme Fayard, 1983)

Conway, John S., The Nazi Persecution of the Churches, 1933-1945 (Basic
            Books, 1968)

DeConinck, Leo, "The Priests of Dachau," The Month, 182 (1946), 116-124

---------- "Our Dachau Talks," The Month, 182 (1946), 177-188

Delp, Alfred, The Prison Meditations of Alfred Delp (Herder & Herder,
            1963)

Deutsch, Harold C., The Conspiracy Against Hitler in the Twilight War (U. Minnesota, 1968)

Dietrich, Donald J., Catholic Citizens in the Third Reich (Transaction Books, 1988)

Dillard, Robert J. M., La Vie et La Mort du R. P. Dillard (Oeuvres
            Francaises, 1947)

Distel, Barbara, Jakusch, Ruth, Concentration Camp Dachu, 1933-1945 (trans. J. Vernon; Comite International de Dachu, 1978)

Dunnigan, James F., Dirty Little Secrets of World War II (Morrow, 1994)

Dunin-Wasowicz, Krysztof, Resistance in the Nazi Concentration Camps (trans. H. Dzierezanowska, and others; Polish Scientific Publishers,  1982)

Ericksen, Robert P. (editor), German Churches and the Holocaust
(Fortress Press, 1999)

Fievet, Michel, Martyrs du Nazisme (Temoignage Chretien, 1987)

Fratczak, Adalbert, Bishop Michael Kozal (1893-1943) (Author, 1987)

Frey, Arthur, Cross and Swastika (trans. by J. S. McNab; Student Christian Movement Press, 1938)

Friedman, Ina R., The Other Victims (Houghton Mifflin, 1990)

Gajewski, Karol Jozef, "Nazi Persecution of the Church," Inside the
     Vatican, November 1999, 50-54

Gallagher, Hugh, By Trust Betrayed (Henry Holt, 1990)

Gallagher, Louis J., Edmund A. Walsh, S.J. (Benziger, 1962)

Gallin, Mary Alice, German Resistance to . . . Hitler(Catholic U., 1961)

Gilbert, Martin, Final Journey (Mayflower, 1979)

Gun, Nerin E., The Day of the Americans (Fleet, 1996)

Grabowski, Stanislaw, Follow Me (ed. and prefaced by John Radzilowski, White Rose, 1997)

Griech-Polelle, Beth A., A Pure Conscience in Good Enough (Yale University, 2002)

Groppe, Lothar,"The Church and the Jews in the Third Reich,"Fidelity (November 1983), 18-27

Gwiarzdowski, Alexander P., I Survived Hitler's Hell (Meador, 1954)

Hamilton, Richard F., Who Voted for Hitler? (Princeton U., 1982)

Harignordoquy, Pierre, Jean Bernier (C. F. Jean Bernier, 1990)

Hasquenoph, Marcel, Ces Pretes Qui Ont su Mourir (Apostolat, 1971)

Hassell, Ulrich von, The Von Hassell Diaries, 1938-44 (Doubleday, 1947)

Hehl, Ulrich von, Priester Unter Hitlers Terror (Matthias-Grünewald,
            1984)

Helmreich, Ernst C., The German Churches Under Hitler (Wayne State,
            1977)

Herbstrith, Waltraud, Edith Stein (trans. by Bernard Bonowitz; Harper &  Row, 1985)

Hericourt, Jean, Requiem à Buchenwald (Apostolat, 1968)

Herman, Stewart W. Jr., Itís Your Souls We Want (Harper, 1943)

Hoffman, Bedrich, And Who Will Kill You? (Pallottinum, 1994)

Hoffmann, Peter, The History of the German Resistance 1933-1945
            (trans. by R. Barry; Madonald and Janeís, 1977)

Hubben, William, Exiled Pilgrim (Macmillan, 1943)

Hurten, Heinz, Deutsche Katholiken, 1918-1945 (F. Schoningh, 1992)

Jacewicz, Wiktor, Martyrlogium Polskiego Duchowienstwa (ATK, 1977)

Kempner, Benedicta Maria, Priester vor Hitlers Tribunalem (Rutten und Loening, 1966)

----------  Nonnen Unter der Hakenkreuz (Naumann, 1979)

King, Christine E., The Nazi State and the New Religions (Edwin Mellen,
            1982)

Koerbling, Anton, Father Rupert Mayer (Schnell und Steiner, 1950)

Kogon, Eugon, The Theory and Practice of Hell (trans. Heinz Norden; Berkley Windhover, 1975)

Kozlowiecki, Adam, Uciski Strapienie (Wydawnictwo Apostolstwa
            Modlitwy, 1967)

Kuehn, Heinz R., Blutzeugen des Bistums Berlin (Morus-Verlag, 1952)

Langman, Jerzy, Oczekiwanie Buchenwald (Spozeczny Instytut, 1972)

Lapide, Pinchas E., Three Popes and the Jews (Hawthorn, 1967)

Lapomarda, Vincent A., The Jesuits and the Third Reich (Edwin Mellen,
            1989)

Leber, Annedore (editor), The Conscience in Revolt (trans. Thomas S. McClymount; Hase & Koehler, 1994)

Lenz, Johann M., Christus in Dachau (Libri Catholici, 1957)

Levit, Josef, Blessed Jakob Gapp (Marianist Studies, 1998)

Lewy, Guenter, The Catholic Church and Nazi Germany (McGraw-Hill,
            1964)

Littell, Franklin H., and Hubert G. Locke, The German Church Struggle
             and the Holocaust (Wayne State, 1974)

Locke, Hubert G., The Church Confronts the Nazis (Edwin Mellen, 1984)

Lukas, Richard, Forgotten Holocaust (University of Kentucky, 1986)

[Malak], Melchior, Manís Inhumanity (n. p., 1949)

[Mariaux, Walther], The Persecution of the Catholic Church in the Third Reich (Longmans, 1940)

Matheson, Peter, The Third Reich and the Christian Churches (Eerdmans, 1981)

Micklem, Jonas N., National Socialism and the Roman Catholic Church
            Oxford, 1939)

Mikrut, Jan, Blutzeugen des Glaubens (Dom Verlag, 1999)

Molette, Charles, "En Haine de l'Evangile" (Fayard, 1993)

---------- Pretres, Religieux et Religieuses dans la Resistance au Nazisme,
            1940-1945 (Fayard, 1995)

----------  Resistances Chretiennes a la Nazification des Esprits (F-X de
             Guibert, 1998)

Moll, Helmut, Die Katholischen Deutschen Martyrer des 20. Jahrhunderts  (Schoningh, 1999)

Mousse, Jean, Libre a Buchenwald (Bayard Editions/Centurion, 1995)

Morscchhauser, Franz J., Hermann Joseph Wehrle (1899-1944) (EOS, 1994)

Munch, Maurus, Unter 2579 Priestern in Dachau (J. J. Zimmer, 1972)

Murphy, Francis J., Pere Jacques (Cistercian Studies, 1998)

Neuhäusler, Johann B., Kreuz und Hakenkreuz (2 vols.; Katholische
            Kirche, 1946)

------------  What was it Like in the Concentration Camp at Dachau? (Manz,  1973)

Pelissieur, Jean, Pour Dieu et Pour La Patrie (Bonne Presse, 1946)

Perau, Josef, Priester im Heere Hitlers (Hubert Wingen, 1962)

Petylycky, Steve, "True Holocaust Story Deserves to Be Heard," The Toronto Star,Monday, December 29, 1997

Pies, Otto, The Victory of Father Karl (trans. by Salvator Attanasio; Farrar, Straus, 1957)

Piotrowski, Tadeusz, Vengeance of the Swallows(McFarland, 1994)

Pius XI, Pope, Mit Brennender Sorge (Vatican Polyglot Press, 1937)

Power, Michael, Religion in the Reich (Longmans, 1939)

Proch, Franciszek, Poland's Way of the Cross, 1939-1945 (Association of  Formr Political Prisoners, c. 1980s)

Randall, Alec, The Pope, the Jews, and the Nazis (Catholic Truth Society, 1964)

Roche, Alfred, "P. Otto Pies," Mitteilungen, 19 (1960-62), 397-402

Rhodes, Anthony, The Vatican in the Age of Dictators (1922-1945)
            (Holt, Rinehart, 1974)

Ritter, Gerhard, The German Resistance (trans. R. T. Clark; Praeger
            1958)

Rösch, Augustin, Kampf Gegen den Nationsocializmus (Josef Knecht, 1985)

Rovan, Joseph, Le Catholicisme Politique en Allemagne(Editions du Seuil, 1956)

Sandmann, Fritz, "L'Osservatore Romano" e il Nazionalsocialismo 1929-1939 (Edizioni Cinque Lune, 1976)

Schelling, Georg, KZ-Lagerdekan Georg Schelling (Vorarlberger, 1991)

Scholder, Klaus, The Churches and the Third Reich (trans. by John Bowden;

Scholl, Inge, The White Rose (trans. by A. R. Schultz; Wesleyan U., 1983)

Siemsen, Hans, Hitler Youth (trans, by Trevor and Phyllis Blewitt; Lindsay Drummond, 1940)

Snyder, Louis, Historical Guide to World War II (Greenwood, 1982)

Sommet, Jacques, L'honneur de la Liberte (Editions du Centurion, 1987)

--------- and Longchamps, Albert, L'Acte de Memoire (Les Editions Ouvrieres, 1995)

Sosnowski, Kiryl, The Tragedy of Children Under Nazi Rule (H. Fertig,
            1983)

Spieker, Josef, Mein Kampf Gegen Unrecht in Staat  und Gesellschaft
            (J.  P. Bachem, 1971)

Spronck, J. G. H., Parochie in de Hel (Urbi et Orbi, 1950)

Stanley, Ilse, The Unforgotten (Beacon, 1957)

Stoltzfus, Nathan, Resistance of the Heart (W. W. Norton, 1996)

Tigges, Paul, Die Nonne von Auschwitz (Hans-Herbert Monnig, 1992)

Tokareva, Evghenija, Fascism, the Church, and teh Catholic Movement in Italy (Russian Academy for Sciences, 2000)

Unzeitig, Engelmar, Love Doubles One's Strength (Marianhill Mission Society, 1996)

Van Gestel, Peter, "Jesuits in the Bond of Dachau," Woodstock Letters, 76 (1947), 107-129

Volk, Ludwig, Akten Kardinal Michael von Faulhabers, 1917-1945 (2 vols.; Matthias-Grünewald, 1975-78)

Walker, Lawrence D., Hitler and the Catholic Youth, 1933-1936 (Catholic University, 1970)

Wall, Donald D., "The Reports of the Sicherheitsdienst on the Church and Relilgious Affairs in Germany, 1939-1944," Church History, 40 (1971), 437-456.

Weiler, Eugen, Die Geistlichen in Dachau (Missions. St. Gabriel, 1971-72)

Winkler, Ernst [pseud. for Johannes W. Matttern], Four Years of Nazi Torture (Appleton-Century, 1943)

Wytwycky, Bohdan, The Other Holocaust (Novak Report, 1980)

Zahn, Gordon C., German Catholics and Hitlerís Wars (Sheed & Ward, 1962)

---------- In Solitary Witness (Rinehart and Winston, 1964)

Zajaczkowski, Waclaw, Martyrs of Charity (St. Maximilian Kolbe Foudation, 1987-89)

Zimmermann, Erich, and Jacobsen, Hans-Adolf, Germans Against Hitler ---  July 20, 1944 (5th ed.; Federal Republic of Germany, 1969)

Yla, Stays, A Priest in Stutthof (Manyland Books, 1971)

                                                    ******
         For CISTERCIAN PRIESTS in Austria who suffered under the Nazis, see the following bibliography submitted by \  P. Dr. Alkuin Schachenmayr O.Cist., Direktor des Priesterseminars Leopoldinum, Otto-von-Freising Platz 3, 2532 Heiligenkreuz,
Austria.  He can be reached at this e-mail:  nota@gmx.at

Reinhold J. DESSL, Pfarrvikar P. Konrad Just (1902-1964): KZ-Priester und "Don Camillo des Mühlviertels", in: O.Ö. Heimatblätter 61 (2007) 221--229.

Reinhold DESSL OCist, Bernhard PROKISCH, Ein Oberösterreicher in Dachau und Buchenwald. Der Bericht des Pfarrvikars von Gramastetten P. Konrad Just OCist über seine Inhaftierung 1938-1945, in: Oberösterreichische Heimatblätter 40 (1986) Heft 1, 3-14.

Johannes Maria LENZ, Christus in Dachau (Wien 1956) 251

Markus H. LICHTENWAGNER, Abt Dr. Bernhard Burgstaller (1886-1941), in: Jahresbericht Wilhering 73 (1982/83) 5-45.

Thomas NAUPP, P. Edmund (Josef) Pontiller OSB, in: Jan MIKRUT, Martyrologium des 20. Jahrhunderts, Bd. 3 (Wien 2000) 87-105Paulus NIMMERVOLL, Das

Rudolf ZINNHOBLER, Abt Bernhard (Peter) Burgstaller OCist. (1886-1941). Ein unschuldiges Opfer der NS-Justiz, in: Ders., Von Florian bis Jägerstätter. Glaubenszeugen in Oberösterreich. Mit zwei Beiträgen von Moni-ka Würthinger (Linz 2004) 235-243

Rudolf ZINNHOBLER, Abt Bernhard (Peter) Burgstaller OCist. (1886-1941). Ein unschuldiges Opfer der NS-Justiz, in: Jan MIKRUT (Hg.), Blutzeugen des Glaubens. Martyrologium des 20. Jahrhunderts, Bd.2 (Wien 2000) 71-83

Zisterzienserstift Wilhering zur Zeit des Nationalsozialismus (1938-1945), in: Jah-resbericht Wilhering 60 (1969/70) 18-73

Zisterzienserstift Wilhering (Hg.), P. Konrad Just. Meine Erlebnisse in den KZ-Lagern Dachau und Buchenwald 1938-1945 (Stift Wilhering 2006).

                                               ****

MARTYRS
At Least 300 German Catholic Martyrs of Nazism
  ****
Blessed Teresa Bracco (1924-1944)--Italian Citizen (Santa Giulia).
Blessed Titus Brandsma(1881-1942) -- Carmelite priest (Dachau)
Blessed Marcel Callo (1921-1945) -- Jocist layman (Mathausen).
Blessed Stefan Wicenty Frelichowski (1913-1945) -- Polish pastor (Dachau)
Blessed Jakob Gapp (1897-1943) -- Marianist priest (Ploetzensee)
Blessed Hilary Januszewski (1907-1945) -- Carmelite priest (Dachau)
Blessed Helene Kafka(1894-1943) - Franciscan nun Maria Restituta (Vienna)
Saint Maximilian Kolbe (1894-1941) -- Franciscan priest (Auschwitz).
Blessed Michal Kozal(1893-1943) -- Polish bishop (Dachau).
Blessed Karl Leisner (1915-1945) -- German priest (Dachau).
Blessed Maria Stella Adelaide Mardosiewicz & Ten Companions (1943)
Blessed Bernhard Lichtenberg (1875-1943) -- German monsignor (Dachau).
Blessed Otto Neururer (1882-1940) -- Austrian priest (Buchenwald).
Saint Edith Stein (1891-1942) -- Carmelite nun (Auschwitz).
108 Polish Martyrs of World War II (1939-1945)  --  among them Anton Julian Nowowiejski (1858-1941), an archbishop who died in the German death camp at Dzialdowo, Blessed Michal Czartoryski (d. 1944), a Dominican priest killed in the Warsaw Insurrection,
and Maria Anna Biernacka (1888-1943), one of nine lay persons (she was a benefactress of the Redemptorists in Warsaw) who chose to be executed to save her unborn grand child,  along with George Kaszyra and Anthony Leszczewicz, Marian priests,  (they perished among some 1,500 victims burned alive by the Nazis in Roscia, Belarus, on 17-18 February 1943), whose causes  had been opened, on 26 January 1992 in Poland.  Pope John Paul II beatified  them (including two other bishops, Wladyslaw Goral and Leon Wetmanski, and many priests, including Jozef Pawlowski (1890-1942), who was hanged at Dachau for helping Jews in Poland,  and religious, among them Capuchins, Franciscans, and Salesians) in a special ceremony during his visit to Warsaw, Poland, on June 13th. 1999.  Although at least eighty Polish Jesuits were martyred by the Nazis, none was included among the thirty-three religious beatified that day.  However, it is expected that they will be included in a special ceremony at a future date when the preparation of their causes is concluded. Dachau, where many of them died has been called "the world's largest cemetery of priests."
Later, on July 3, 2009, Pope Benedict XVI approved the cause  of  the Servant of God Georg Hafner (1900-1942), killed in hatred of the faith at Dachau.
***

ADAM SZTARK AND HIS JESUIT COMPANIONS, VICTIMS OF THE NAZIS
(Their Cause was  inaugurated, on March 23, 2000; the Vatican Congregation approved, on May 15, 2003, the request of the Polish Bishops Conference to open the Canonization Process; and the first session of the Canonization Process took place on September 17, 2003.) 
Fr. Stanislaw Bednarski (1902-1942) at Dachau 
Fr. Jozef Cyrek (1904-1940) at Auschwitz 
Fr. Kazimierz Dembowski (1912-1942) at Dachau 
  Fr. Stanislaw Felczak (1906-1942) at Dachau 
 Fr. Franciszek Kaluza (1877-1941) at Dachau
  Br. Stanislaw Komar (1882-1942) at Dachau 
   Fr. Michal Malinowski (1887-1942) at Dachau
 Fr. Marian Jozef Wojciech Morawski (1881-1940) at Auschwitz 
    Mr. Jerzy Musial (1919-1945) at Dachau 
      Fr. Stanislaw Tadeusz Podolenski (1887-1945) at Dachau 
    Fr. Edmund Roszak (1900-1943) at Swislocz 
     Fr. Czeslaw Sejbuk (1906-1943) at Dachau 
      Mr. Stanislaw Sewillo (1907-1943) at Dachau 
       Fr. Adam Sztark (1907-1942) at Slonim 
       Fr. Wladyslaw Wiacek (1910-1944) at Warsaw 
        Mr. Bronislaw Wielgosz (1916-1942) at Dachau 
        Br. Jan Zajac (1911-1945) at Dachau 
  •  ***
  • REICH BISHOPS
  • Afolf Cardinal Bertram of Breslau (1859-1945)
  • Archbishop Johann Baptist Dietz (1879-1959) of Fulda
  • Michael Cardinal von Faulhaber of Munich (1869-1952)
  • Bishop Clemens August von Galen of Munster (1878-1946)
  •     Bishop Konrad von Preysing of Berlin (1880-1950)
  • Karl Cardinal Schulte of Cologne (1871-1941)
  • Theodor Cardinal Innitzer of Vienna (1875-1955)
  •  
     



                                                                                                       ***
                                                            POLISH BISHOPS

      August Cardinal Hlond of Gniezno (1881-1948)
    Bishop Ignacy Jez of Koszalin-Kolobrzeg (1914-1992)
    Archbishop Kazimierz Majdanski of Szczeccian-Kamien (1916-1992)
  • Archbishop Boleslaw Twardowski of Lwow (1864-1944)
  • Auxilary Bishop of Krakow Albin Malysiak
  •  
     
     
     
     
     

     ***
    The Gentile Holocaust
    Other Victims of the Nazis
    Polish Priests Killed in World War II
    Bishops
    Bishop Gabriele Piguet of Clermot Ferrand (1887-1952)
    Priests
    Agnello von der Bosch, O. F. M.
    Roger Derry (1900-1943)
    Msgr. Dr. Heinrich Feuerstein (1877-1942)
    Josef Fleischer
    Verbite Grzegorz Frackowiak
    Dominican Titus Horten
    Johann Gruber (1889-1944)
    Ukrainian Father Omeljan Kovch (1884-1944)
    Salesian Jozef Kowalski (d. 1941)
    Fritz Keller (1891-1943)
    Msgr. Karl Lampert (Executed at Torgau, November 13, 1944)
    Marcel Leeb
    John Baptist Meier (1922-1945) [Hanged]
    Msgr. Dr. Otto Muller (1870-1944)
    Anastazy Jakub Pankiewicz
    Salesian John Swierc (d. 1941)
    Engelmar Unzeitig (1911-1945)
    Dom Ernst Vykoukal, O. P.
    Hermann Joseph Wehrle (1899-1944)
    Catholic Actionists:
    Dr. Eugen Bolz (1881-1945)
    Willi Graf (1918-1943)
    Nikolauss Gross (1898-1945)
    Fred Joseph (1911-1943)
    Dr. Erich Klausener (1885-1934)
    Bernard Letterhaus (1894-1944)
    Johannes W. Mattern (b. 1908) [Ernst Winkler]
    Baroness Stotzingen
    Josef Wirmer (d. 1944)
    Conscientious Objectors:
    Franz Jagerstatter (1907-1943)
    Brother Maurus
    Brother Michael
    Josef Mayr-Nusser (1910-1945)
    Max Josef Metzger (1887-1944)
    Franz Reinisch (1903-1942)
    University Students:
    The White Rose
    Eva-Maria Buch  (1921-1943)
    Robert Limpert
    Catholic Soldiers:
    Michael Kitzelmann (d.  1942) [Shot]
    Count Klaus von Stauffenberg (1907-1944) [Shot]
    Alfons Zurawski (1914-1942) [Beheaded]
    Heroic Men:
    Michael Lottner (1899-1945)
    Josef Zirkl (1871-1945)
    Heroic Women:
    Sister Angela (Maria Cacilia Autsch, d. 1944)
    Sister Maria Teresa Kowalska
    Sister Maria Ewa Noiszewska
    Maria Skobtsova
    Rosa Stein
    Maria Terwiel (1910-1943)
    Sister Marta Wolowska
    First Person Murdered at Dachau:
    Sebastian Nefzger (1900-1933)
    RIGHTEOUS GENTILES:
    Lithuania
    Antanas Gobis
    Stanislovas Jakubauskis
    Lithuanian Martyr:
    Alfonsas Lipniunas (1905-1945)
    RIGHTEOUIS GENTILES:
    Poland
    Priests
    Stanislaw Falkowski
    Feliks Gloech
    Wladyslaw Glowacki
    Jozef Gorajek
    Jan Gozdek-Grek
    Albin Malysiak
    Aleksander Osiecki
    Andrzej Osikiewicz
    Jan Patrzyk
    Jan Poddebniak
    Witold Stolarczyk
    Adam Sztark
    Ludwik Wrodarczyk
    Mieczyslaw Zawadzki
    Nuns
    Mother Matylda Getter
    Sister Alfonsa
    Sister Bernarda
    Sister Anna Borkowska
    Sister Krystyna Bykowska
    Sister Dolorosa
    Sister Aleksandra Drzewiecka
    Sister Emilia
    Sister Wanda Garczynska
    Sister Hermana
    Sister Beata Bronislawa Hryniewicz
    Sister Klara Jaroszynska
    Sister Stanislawa Jozwikowska
    Sister Klara
    Sister Ligoria
    Sister Bogumila Makowska
    Sister Ludwika Malkiewicz
    Sister Irena
    Sisster Antonina Michaecka
    Sister Julia Sosnowska
    Sister Stanislawa
    Sister Bronislawa Wilemska
    Sister Zygmunta
    ***
    IMAGES
    ***
    Documents
    The Diaries of Adolf Eichmann
    Rescue of Jews by Polish Priests and Nuns
    ***
    Film
    ***Movies on Catholics and the Holocaust***
    Then They Came for Me
    The Diary of Anne Frank
    The Hiding Place
    Edith Stein -- Martyr of Auschwitz
    Eleven Nuns of Nowogrodek
    The Miracle of Moreaux
    The Scarlet and the Black
    ***
    Relics
    ***
    LINKS
    ***
    Catholics and the Holocaust
    Jesuit Victims of the Nazis
    A Catholic Who Sought to Halt the Holocaust
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
    The Catholicism of Adolf Hitler
    The Final Solution (Jews & Gentiles)
    The Church and the Jews in the Third Reich
    Persecution of Minorities
    What Poland Suffered in World War II
    The Catholic Church Pays 120 Nazi-Era Laborers
    Martyrs of World War II
    Hitler and the Holocaust
    ***
    RULERS
    The Rise of Adolf Hitler (Before 1933)
    The Terror of Hitler (After 1933)
    The Nazi Leadership

    TOP
    _______________________________________________________________________________________________
    Copyright 1999-2000
    E-mail comments and questions to:
    Vincent A. Lapomarda
    (vlapomar@holycross.edu).